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2 edition of Comparative efficiency of energy use in crop production found in the catalog.

Comparative efficiency of energy use in crop production

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Published by Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in New Haven .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementG.H. Heichel
SeriesBulletin / Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station -- no. 739, Bulletin (Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station) -- 739.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsS494.5.E5 H4 1973
The Physical Object
Pagination26 p. :
Number of Pages26
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24641032M
OCLC/WorldCa18543394

The use of land, labour and energy. by Dave, Darlington. Nearly 50% of the world labour force is employed in agriculture. Distribution in the late ’s ranged from 64% of the economically active in Africa to less than 4% in America and Canada. Comparative analysis of environmental impacts of agricultural production systems, agricultural input efficiency, and food choice To cite this article: Michael Clark and David Tilman Environ. Res. Lett. 12 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Related content Potential of extensification of EuropeanCited by:


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Comparative efficiency of energy use in crop production by Gary H. Heichel Download PDF EPUB FB2

15 agricultural systems were analysed for input energy, crop yields, energy in crops and total and digestible energy yields. The input energy:digestibile energy output ratio for primitive rice culture in the Philippines was and for maize cultivation using horses in Cited by:   Energy use efficiency, output-input energy ratio, energy productivity, specific energy and net energy coefficients in wheat and sunflower production were calculated in this study.

In particular, the output-input energy ratio that is calculated by the ratio of input fossil fuel energy and output food energy has been used to express the ineffectiveness of crop production Cited by: 8. The amount of energy Comparative efficiency of energy use in crop production book in each group of inputs was calculated from the multiplication of the amount of the input consumption and its energy equivalent per unit (extracted from scientific sources).

Then according to energy input and output, energy use efficiency, energy productivity, specific energy, and net energy were calculated. (1)Cited by: Energy plants (crops), Biogas, Methane. comparative study of new energy crops has been conducted. Its aim was to give a comparative assessment of the main technological parameters for biogas production.

Samples of the following energy crops were examined: four species of Paulownia hybrid, Shan Tong, Kawakamii and Elungata, Willow, Miscanthus.

Organic farming is generally a more energy efficient system of food production. Comparative analyses of fifteen crop and livestock sectors indicate that UK organic farming uses around 26% less Comparative efficiency of energy use in crop production book per tonne of output on average. The main energy saving is from the non-use of industrially produced inorganic nitrogen fertiliser.

Organic farming is more energy efficient for Cited by:   Abstract. Efficient use of energy helps to achieve increased production and productivity and contributes to the economy, profitability, and competitiveness of agricultural sustainability of rural communities.

Evaluation of wheat and barley production systems in view of energy balance was conducted in Khorasan Razavi Province, by: 3. Highest Consumption energy to production energy ratio for rice varieties under to farming system was observed in Hashemi rice.

Energy balance efficiency (production energy to consumption energy ratio) in this study was calculated and ; showing the affective use of energy in the agro ecosystems rice paddy by: 5. machinery, electricity, fertilizers, seeds and output energy included 16 agricultural crops yield.

Energy values were calculated by multiplying the amounts Comparative efficiency of energy use in crop production book inputs and outputs by their energy equivalents with the use of related conversion factors. The energy efficiency is determined by dividing the output value by the input Size: KB.

A collection of resources on farm energy efficiency and conservation topics, including farm buildings, greenhouses, livestock production and buildings, farm equipment, crop systems, irrigation, or the food system. Resources include publications, factsheets, checklists, tip sheets, Web links, and FAQs.

Synthetic herbicides account for only 10 percent of the energy consumption of conventional corn production in the Rodale tests, and the pesticides even less than that. (Such chemicals are off.

Energy use efficiency, energy productivity and specific energy were determined asand respectively in apple production by not applying good agricultural practices. Relative profit values in Comparative efficiency of energy use in crop production book production were calculated respectively as andby dividing the gross production value by production costs per : Başak Aydın, Duygu Aktürk, Comparative efficiency of energy use in crop production book Özkan, Harun Hurma, Mehmet Ali Kiracı.

The intensive use of the existing and new energy crops could bring about a greater multi-functionality of agriculture, as well as comparative cost/benefit stability. Energy Efficiency: A Comparative Analysis of the New Zealand Legal Framework By Marcel Eusterfeldhaus and Barry Barton* Energy-efficiency laws and policies have great ability to improve economic wellbeing and human health, while reducing the adverse effects of energy use on climate and the environment generally.

ANIMAL AND PLANT PRODUCTIVITY - Productivity, Efficiency and Resilience of Crop and Livestock Production - Gerald Singh, Robert J. Hudson, Noble T. Donkor ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) use efficiency, and energetic efficiency.

Energy output/input ratios have been argued asFile Size: KB. The functional unit was considered to be one hectare of canola production. Energy use efficiency and energy productivity were found to be and kg MJ⁻¹, respectively.

The case studies on energy efficiency in wheat production cover various energy saving measures including the specific ones for wheat production as well as those covering the en-tire farm-crop-production-system (Table 3).

Table 3. Case studies – energy saving measures by climate and country. Country Energy saving measuresAuthor: Marcel van der Voort, Andreas Meyer-Aurich, Luis L. Silva, Athanasios Balafoutis, Hannu J. Mikkola. diversification and the identification of several energy crops and the development of energy cropping systems suited to those diverse environments.

This thesis starts with an introductory essay (chapter 1), which provides the background for renewable energy production, its features, demands and potentials, and the scientific basis of this thesis. Comparative Analysis of Energy Efficiency in Wheat Production in Different Climate Conditions of Europe crop yield connected with gains to the global carbon market [2].

That is why improvement in energy efficiency of agricultural production is a way to rationalize the use of environment resources. The inputs of chemical fertilizer and diesel fuel in canola production produced the highest percentage of gas emissions in these three areas.

Energy consumption for potential feedstock production for one kg production of biodiesel fuel in these provinces was calculated asand MJ, by: could be proposed as compare possible causes such as water use efficiency, photosynthetic rate, pest pressure, etc.

Lastly, students could pursue questions about other important variables that could be compared between crops, such as cost of production, fertilizer inputs, water use, harvest efficiency, biodiversity, etc.

For anyFile Size: 1MB. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS EFFICIENT USE AND CONSERVATION OF ENERGY – Vol. II - Energy Efficiency in Fertilizer Production and Use - Clark W. Gellings, Kelly E.

Parmenter ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Friedrich R.A. Energy Conservation for American Agriculture, pp. Chapter 4: Reducing indirect uses of energy File Size: KB.

Energy use on organic farming: A comparative analysis on organic versus conventional apricot production on small holdings in Turkey. Energy Conversion and Management 47 (18–19), – Hauschild, M.

and Wenzel, H. Commercial energy use in agriculture has been increasing since Green Revolution with increasing use of diesel and electricity in farm operations.

Total commercial energy use in agriculture increased nearly five-folds, with growth rate of % between ( m tonne) and ( m tonne). recommendation on integrated biogas production from energy crops.

More promotion of integrated biogas production from energy crops in Thailand would help reducing fossil fuel usage. As Thailand is an expert in agricultural sector, it could enjoy great benefits from using energy crops to produce biogas.

Thailand promotes integrated biogas production from energy crops, emphasizing on Napier gas which generate cubic meters of gas per ton The Ministry of Energy has promoted biogas production in the industrial sectors --especially in tapioca, palm oil, ethanol, processed foods, and livestock farms-- using wastes from farms, industrial and.

Not necessarily. Their second table looks at the comparative efficiency of producing foods; they note: Roughly twenty-five times more energy is required to produce one calorie of beef than to produce one calorie of corn for human consumption.

Dairy products are actually fairly energy efficient. A Comparative Study on Energy Use and Cost Analysis of Rice Varieties Under Traditional and Semi-Mechanized Farming Systems in North of Iran Efficient use of the energy resources is vital in terms of increasing production, productivity, competitiveness of agriculture as well as sustainability of rural living.

Energy auditing is. Electrical efficiency % Use of heat (related to total input energy Hu, biogas) % Annual use efficiency (related to total input energy Hu, biogas) % RV: Reactor volume; Hu, biogas: Net calorific value of biogas; VS: Organic matter 3.

Performance figures of the technical monitoring and benchmarking. looking promising and allow a cost-effective use of energy crops e.g. production of methanol and hydro-gen by means of gasification processes.

• The second main stimulus is the agricultural sector in Western Europe and in the US, which is producing food surpluses. This situation has led to a policy inCited by: However, in the surface-water supplied region, it also resulted in energy consumption being increased by up to %.

In the groundwater dependent region, energy consumption was reduced by 12% to 44%. There is potential to reduce energy consumption due to increased water use efficiency, resulting in less water being pumped due to efficiency gains.

Information on renewable and alternative energy use and efficiency, including biogas production, biomass heating, farm energy efficiency and converting waste to energy. Tips on running diesel engine, green buildings and using wood stoves efficiently.

European production of biodiesel from energy crops has grown steadily in the last decade, principally focused on rapeseed used for oil and energy. Production of oil/biodiesel from rape covers more t km² in Germany alone, and has doubled in the past 15 years.

Typical yield of oil as pure biodiesel isL/km 2 (68, US gal/sq mi; 57, imp gal/sq mi) or. Downloadable (with restrictions). The agricultural sector is facing increasing societal expectations to contribute to the global reduction of impacts on the environment.

This study aims to evaluate energy use and environmental impacts of different winter wheat tillage systems in the central Fars province, Southwest Iran. To meet the objectives, different energy indices and Cited by: energy production from ethanol and other biofuels, mostly derived from corn.

The more than $3-a-gallon gasoline, the war in Iraq, continued instability in the Middle East, and declining global energy reserves in the face of strongly prominence of energy use and efficiency on both the agriculture and energy policy agendas.

Life Cycle Assessment Tools is a catalog of tools for life cycle data management and analysis. USDA Life Cycle Assessment Commons Inventory Data is a collection of unit processes, formatted for use in LCA software.

Case Studies and Supporting Data provides access to supporting data that are not formatted for use in LCA software. Energy inputs and outputs per unit of land under various agricultural production systems. Points below the dotted line represent systems in which energy input is greater than output.

Note that animal systems are all low in comparison with crop production or mixed farming. Prepared from data calculated by Leach, element of energy production and use. Greater energy efficiency can reduce energy costs to consumers, enhance environmental quality, maintain and enhance our standard of living, increase our freedom and energy security, and promote a strong economy.

(National Energy Strategy, Executive Summary, /) Increased energy efficiency has. The other major related issue to energy efficiency is the opportunity for farmers to produce renewable energy on the farm, thus reducing the amount they have to purchase from off the farm.

One popular option in Pennsylvania is the production of biogas from animal manure. From a primary screening, the high consumption of energy for the cotton production is evident, both for the cultivation (fiber) and the yarn production (textile).

The main contribution is associated with the manufacturing step, as the CED increases from MJ for the cultivation of the fiber to MJ for the manufacture of the : Angela D. La Rosa, Sotirios A. Grammatikos. This publication provides an overview of farm energy use related to corn and soybean production in Iowa.

Three areas of row crop production--field operations, fertilizer and pesticide application, and artificial drying--are used to illustrate on-farm energy consumption.

Pdf for energy consumption found that the hydroponic production of lettuce in Arizona requires 82 ± 11 more pdf per kilogram produced than the conventional production of lettuce in Arizona.

Dominating the hydroponic energy use are the heating and cooling loads at 74, ± 10, kJ/kg/y, followed by the energy used for the supplemental Cited by: Growth Performance and Resource Use Efficiency in Cauliflower Production: A Micro level Study (40 downloads) Energy Consumption and Production Pattern in Direct Drilling Wheat in Punjab ( downloads) Comparative Efficiency .WSU Energy Program.

Abstract: This publication provides guidelines in more efficient use of energy in field crop production processes.